Finnish Junkyard


The total amounts of helmets that were used in Finland
Model Amount
German m/16, m/17 and m/18 80 000
Hungarian m/38 75 000
Italian m/33 30 000
Czechoslovakian m/34 50 000
Misc. (Swedish m/21, Polish m/35, etc.) 10 000
German m/35 - m/42 49 300
Swedish m/37 20 000
Finnish m/40 66 893
Soviet m/40 34 700

1916 - 18

Russian m/15

This helmet is a normal French model m/15. The difference is the Russian national emblem made of pressed plate and fixed onto helmet's browside. Another difference was the color that was khaki or yellow-brown.

Russian m/17

Upgraded model from French m/15. Made for Tsar's Army in Finland by G. W. Sohlberg (100 000) and V. W. Holmberg (500 000). Color is olive green.

1919 - 40

French m/15

Finnish Army bought these from France among a big gun purchase in 1919. The color remained as "horizon bleu" until Finnish Army abandoned all these French m/15, Russian m/15 and m/17 in 1920 - 30 and gave them to fire departments etc. They painted the helmets black.
French helmet

German m/16, m/17 and m/18

Finnish Army bought 50 000 of these from German in November 1920. Different helmet models were compared and these models were chosen as one that were kept in use. In 1920 - 30 Army brought over 80 000 of these to Finland, some of them were given to SKY organization.

m/17 differs from m/16 from it's liner and chinstrap. The chinstrap is made of two pieces in model m/17. Outwards differences are that m/17 hasn't got the rivet for chinstrap.

m/18 was an experimental model. The helm-line is lifted about 20 mm upwards at the length of 60 mm close by the ears. In Finland was often thought that these were helmets for signal troops because of the cut by the ears.

Austro-Hungarian m/18

This model differs from German m/16 helmet from the chinstrap that is canvas and made of two pieces. Outwards differences are that the rivet for chinstrap are higher in this model.

1940 - 44

Hungarian m/38

This helmet is similar to German m/35 except few differences. The liner is totally different, the rivet for the liner is in different place and there is a holder loop made of plate at the back of the helmet.

Finnish Army ordered 75 000 of these at the middle of February 1940. All of them were made by April by two manufacturer: Ungarische Waggon und Maschinenfabrik and Mavag.

Czechoslovakian m/34

50 000 of these helmets were delivered to Finland in spring 1940.

Italian m/33

In 1940 were 30 000 of these delivered from Italy with Carcano m/38 rifles.

Swedish m/21

These are maybe left by the Swedish volunteers in Winter War. Originally m/21 has pressed stiffening ridge and national emblem in front. The color is dark olive-green.

Swedish m/21, modified (m/26)

Most of m/21 were like this, without the ridge and emblem and the color is blue-gray. Total amount of the m/21 helmets is 8 000.

Finnish Army had also 1 000 of Polish m/35 helmets.

Swedish m/37

20 000 of these helmets were delivered to Finland. The color is matt gray. The liner and chinstrap are attached like in Finnish M/40. The helmet was made in four sizes.

Finnish m/40

This model was produced by following the same design and by using almost the same kind of working methods than the Swedish m/37. The differences are that this have only six rivets (except the biggest size 75 has eight) and the color is olive-green. The liner is made by Friitala Nahka Oy. The Finnish Army had 66 893 of these helmets. Finnish helmets have also letter W and size stamped in a helmet.

German m/35 and m/35-40

The Finnish Army received 25 000 of these on 10th of August 1941. The two models differs only by the working methods of the ventilation holes and by the surface of the shell.

German m/42

The Finnish Army received 24 300 of German helmets on 1st of July 1943. Most of them were m/42 helmets. The model was simplified by abandoning the 5 mm folding-downs of the brim.

German m/34

There is no exact information on which delivery were these helmets ended up in Finland. Only few of these have been found in Finnish colors.

In summer 1944 the Finnish Army received
a large number of helmets with German national emblem
in side of the helmet.

Soviet m/36

The color is matt dark green. The Finnish Army captured many of these during Winter War and some during Continuation War. They were never used by Finnish Army. One reason for that was that many of them were without the liner because it was torn away by Soviet. The liner didn't fit with warm hat.

Soviet m/40

The Finnish Army captured 34 700 of these during Continuation War. 20 000 of them were restored to give out to secondary units and some units in panzer division. The color is moss-green.

Leather liner

Finnish made leather liner

This liner is used in German m/16, m/17, m/18, m/35, m/42, Austro-Hungarian m/18 and Hungarian m/38. The canvas of the padding in this liner is from army bedspread.

After wars

German m/16, m/17 and m/18 were abandoned in 1947 - 48.

Helmets that were left in use:
  • German m/35
  • German m/35-40
  • German m/42
  • Hungarian m/38
  • Swedish m/37
  • Finnish m/40

Some of the used helmets were sold to fire departments etc. In addition
Kone ja Silta Oy made kettles of the helmets.

Kettle pic
Kettle made of Austro-Hungarian m/18 helmet. Arrows show ventilation and rivet holes.

In 1955 the Finnish Army bought 50 000 helmets from Germany, the model name
was "Infanteriestahlhelme Deutsches Model" that looked very similar to
German m/35-40. The liners to these helmets were made in Finland.

In 1962 the Army bought Swedish m/62 helmets. Next year Kone ja Silta Oy
started to make helmets in Finland by following the same design than Swedish m/62.
The Finnish helmet looks outwards similar to Swedish m/37 and Finnish m/40 but
model of the liner is new. These m/62 helmets were used in Finnish Army as main
model since 1992 when Finnish composite helmets were purchased.

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